The Ghana International Book Fair (GIBF) was instituted in the mid-90s to revive the book industry in Ghana which was at its lowest ebb due to serious economic recession of the late 70s and 80s. The Trade Fair Authority was therefore charged with the responsibility of initiating an international book fair in Ghana.
The first ever book fair was held in 1996. Subsequent fairs were held every two years in 1998 until 2008, when the event became an annual event. The fair has been holding every year since 2008 with the Ghana Publishers Association as the lead organiser.